Research on hypnosis
Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Henry Ford, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill are some who have used hypnosis to achieve success.
There are many different research studies in the field of hypnosis that show its positive effects. Here you get a small selection:
Hypnosis for better self-esteem / confidence
Increased self-esteem and calm. Reduced impulsivity and anger
A research study on self-hypnosis to prevent setbacks in chronic drug / alcohol addicts. The actors were 261 veterans admitted to the Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Treatment Programs (SARRTPs). People who repeat self-hypnosis "at least 3 to 5 times a week" reported after a 7-week follow-up the highest levels of self-esteem and calm, and least anger / impulsivity, compared to minimal practice and the control groups.
American Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy (a publication of the American Psychological Association) 2004 Apr; 46 (4): 281-97)
Hypnosis for anxiety, depression, stress and trauma
Hypnosis against fleeing and fencing the response
In the study, the researchers examined the effects of hypnotherapy in 20 adult individuals who sought help for stress, anxiety and depression and the effects of hypnotherapy. The statistical evaluations showed significantly lower symptoms in all areas and mainly affected the individuals who had anxiety. The authors of the study conclude that hypnosis is good as a treatment method for reactions caused by the person ending up fleeing and fencing the situation.
Gould RC, Krynicki VE. “Comparative effectiveness of hypnotherapy on different psychological symptoms.” Am J Clin Hypn. 1989 Oct;32(2):110-7.
Hypnos mot posttraumatiskt stressyndrom
32 klienter som led av posttraumatiskt stressyndrom splittrades in i två grupper. Under samma tidsperiod fick en grupp fyra hypnossessioner på 1,5 timme per gång och den andra gruppen fick läkemedel i 14 nätter. Efter två veckor var det ett signifikant framsteg i gruppen som hade mottagit hypnos, synnerligen bättre än den som tagit emot läkemedel. Hypnosgruppen startade dessutom också att sova bättre och kunna hantera sin vardag mycket bättre än den andra gruppen. Påverkan fanns kvar vid uppföljningen en månad senare.
Abramowitz EG, Barak Y, Ben-Avi I, Knobler HY. “Hypnotherapy in the treatment of chronic combat-related PTSD patients suffering from insomnia: a randomized, zolpidem-controlled clinical trial.” Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2008 Jul;56(3):270-80. Israel Defense Forces, Mental Health Department, Israel.
University of Calgary i Canada gjorde man en jämförelse hos KBT (kognitiv beteendeterapi) och hypnoterapi för personer med depression. I studien deltog 84 individer och under 16 veckor. Vid behandlingstidens avslutat hade bägge grupperna börjat må bättre, men hypnosgruppen åstadkom bättre resultat än KBT-gruppen i att reducera depressionen, ångesten och känslan av hopplöshet. Påverkan fanns kvar både vid 6-månaders och 1-årsuppföljningen.
Alladin A, Alibhai A. “Cognitive hypnotherapy for depression: an empirical investigation.” Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2007 Apr; 55 (2): 147-66. University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Reduced stress during surgery
In a research study at Yale University, three different groups of patients were to be operated on. One group received hypnosis, one group received calls and extra support and one group received standard treatment. The individuals who received hypnosis treatment were significantly calmer before the operation than the other two groups. The groups that did not receive hypnosis became further stressed when they entered the operating room, in contrast to those who received hypnosis treatment, whose stress levels instead decreased by 56%.
Saadat H, Drummond-Lewis J, Maranets I, Kaplan D, Saadat A, Wang SM, Kain ZN. "Hypnosis reduces preoperative anxiety in adult patients." Anesth Analg. 2006 May; 102 (5): 1394-6. Center for the Advancement of Perioperative Health, Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.
Hypnosis against trauma (regression)
In one case study, three people were treated with hypnosis for clinical depression and phobias. Clients got to visit their old traumas by going back and reliving them again. On these occasions, the people's events were reprogrammed, which gave the people's memories a different meaning and with this also its impact on the client's life. During a follow-up, it was established that the beneficial effects remained.
By Gravitz, Melvin A. “Memory reconstruction by hypnosis as a therapeutic technique. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, Vol 31 (4), 1994, 687-691.
Reduction of trauma symptoms (regression)
In a research study, four Chinese women participated in a study that would measure the reduction of trauma symptoms, two women had been subjected to sexual violence as children, a rape victim and one who was abused by her husband, were treated with regression hypnosis. Data from self-reports, observations and objective measurements show that the hypnosis treatments led to a significant reduction in trauma symptoms.
Poon MW. "Hypnosis for complex trauma survivors: four case studies." Am J Clin Hypn.2009 Jan; 51 (3): 263-71. Clinical Psychological Unit 3, Social Welfare Department, 14 / F Cornwall House, Taikoo Place, 979 King's Road, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong.
Hypnosis for insomnia, difficulty sleeping and difficulty sleeping
Reduction of insomnia
In a study of 84 young people aged 7-17 years who suffered from insomnia, hypnosis was shown to have a very good effect. 90% of the 70 individuals who suffered from sleep difficulties experienced an improvement. 52% of the 21 patients who used to suffer from regular awakenings more than once a week got rid of their problems, 38% experienced progress. Of the clients who also suffered from other somatic problems, 87% perceived that the problems either disappeared completely or were reduced with the help of hypnosis.
Anbar RD, Slothower MP. "Hypnosis for treatment of insomnia in school-age children: a retrospective chart review." BMC Pediatr. 16 Aug 2006; 6:23. Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA.
Hypnosis against smoking and drug addiction
Free from tobacco
43 clients who went through this treatment, 39 at follow-up after 6 months to 3 years of treatment have been reported that they are still free from tobacco. This represents 90.6% successfully for smoking cessation using hypnosis ..
University of Washington School of Medicine, Depts. of Anesthesiology and Rehabilitation Medicine, Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2001 Jul; 49 (3): 257-66. Barber J.
Hypnosis has the greatest impact on smoking cessation, shows the largest study conducted in this subject - 3 times more effective than patches and 15 times more effective than willpower
According to the largest research study ever conducted, hypnosis is the most powerful way to quit smoking. A study of scientific publications, which statistically compiled results from more than 600 studies on 72,000 people from America and Europe and compared different methods of quitting smoking, generally shows that hypnosis is over three times more powerful than nicotine replacement and 15 times more effective than trying stop yourself.
University of Iowa, Journal of Applied Psychology, How One in Five Give Up Smoking. October 1992. (Also New Scientist, October 10, 1992.)
Hypnosis for obesity, weight loss, eating disorders, cravings for sweets and losing weight
Hypnosis 30 times more effective for weight loss
A research study of 60 women, with at least 20% overweight, on the effects of hypnosis on weight loss. Clients received hypnosis treatment with both individual hypnosis and group hypnosis, which included hypnosis to strengthen self-confidence, make decisions and increase motivation. Hypnosis had more effect than the results in a second control group: an average of 7.7 kg per person in the hypnosis group compared with an average of 0.2 kg per person in the control group.
Cochrane, Gordon; Friesen, J. (1986). Hypnotherapy in weight loss treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 489-492.
Hypnosis for headaches and migraines
Hypnosis reduces the frequency and intensity of migraines
A comparison between treatment of migraine with hypnosis and treatment of migraine with the drug proclorperazine (Stemetil). The results show that the number of migraine attacks and the number of people suffering from black spots in the field of vision in migraine was significantly lower in the group that received hypnotherapy than the group that received proclorperazine. The conclusion is that further studies of hypnotherapy are justified in comparison with other treatment and not only in connection with the intake of tablets.
Anderson JA, Basker MA, Dalton R, Migraine and Hypnotherapy, International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 1975; 23 (1): 48-58.
96% felt reduced frequency of intensity in headache
A research study of 30 children with an average age of 15 years and who suffered from chronic regular headaches and the study wanted to show the effects of hypnosis. Clients learned, among other things, hypnosis-based relaxation. Approximately 96% reported that the headache had reduced in frequency and intensity as a result of the hypnosis.
Anbar RD, Zoughbi GG. “Relationship of headache-associated stressors and hypnosis therapy outcome in children: a retrospective chart review”. Am J Clin Hypn. 2008 Apr; 50 (4): 335-41. Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, State University of New York Upstate Medical University Syracuse, NY 13110, USA.
Hypnosis for pain, pain relief and pain treatment
Hypnosis for fibromyalgia
In a research study at the University of Birmingham, a comparison was made between two groups who had fibromyalgia. One group received suggestions with hypnosis and one group received suggestions without hypnosis. The individuals who received hypnosis controlled and controlled their pain more and also felt that the pain itself was reduced compared to the group that only received suggestions. With a magnetic camera, one could also measure a change in certain specific areas of the brain that are activated in pain, in the group that received hypnosis.
Derbyshire SW, Whalley MG, Oakley DA. "Fibromyalgia pain and its modulation by hypnotic and non-hypnotic suggestion: an fMRI analysis." Eur J Pain. 2009 May; 13 (5): 542-50. Epub 2008 Jul 23. School of Psychology, University of Birmingham.
Hypnosis against addiction
Reduce drug abuse with hypnosis
Hypnosis shows 77% success results in drug addiction
In a study Treated 18 clients over the past 7 years, it has shown a 77% success factor, with at least a 1-year follow-up. Fifteen patients were treated for alcoholism or alcohol abuse, 2 patients were treated for cocaine abuse and 1 patient for marijuana abuse.
Intensive Therapy: Utilizing Hypnosis in the Treatment of Substance Abuse Disorders. Potter, Greg, American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, Jul 2004.
Hypnos mot phobia
Hypnosis for dental fear
One study compared different treatment methods on 137 clients with dental fear, but found that, for the 77 people who completed the study, hypnosis and CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) were more effective than anesthesia for dental fear.
Wannemueller A, Joehren P, Haug S, Hatting M, Elsesser K, Sartory G. "A practice-based comparison of brief cognitive behavioral treatment, two kinds of hypnosis and general anesthesia in dental phobia." Psychother Psychosom. 2011; 80 (3): 159-65. Epub 2011 Mar 3.Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
Hypnosis to strengthen the immune system
Hypnosis for various diseases
Hypnosis for respiratory infections
One study treated 45 healthy children and 45 children affected by more than 10 respiratory infections in the past year. One group received hypnotic suggestions to increase immunoglobulin A, which are antibodies to fight infections. The second group received regular relaxation and the third group belonged to a control group. In the groups that received relaxation with or without hypnotic suggestions, the number of antibodies increased, but the hypnosis group showed the best results.
Secretory immunoglobulin A increases during relaxation in children with and without recurrent upper respiratory tract infections. ” J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1996 Oct; 17 (5): 311-6. Division of Psychology, Murdoch University, Western Australia.
IBS (IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME)
In a research study at Sahlgrenska Academy, two studies can show that hypnosis is an effective treatment and creates lasting relief even for those with severe IBS. The study consists of 346 clients. In the primary study, 138 clients were treated with hypnotherapy one hour a week for twelve weeks, the remaining clients received general explanations about diet and relaxation exercises. In the group that received hypnosis, 40 percent of the patients experienced relieving symptoms compared to 12% from the untreated group. In the secondary study, the researchers followed up on 208 clients who had previously received hypnotherapy, and it showed that 85% still had the effect of the treatment up to seven years later - and that they still use the technology they learned.
Lindfors P, Unge P, Arvidsson P, Nyhlin H, Björnsson E, Abrahamsson H, Simrén M. “Effects of gut-directed hypnotherapy on IBS in different clinical settings-results from two randomized, controlled trials.” Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Feb; 107 (2): 276-85. doi: 10.1038 / ajg.2011.340. Epub 2011 Oct 4. Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Hypnosis slows down dementia
In a research study on dementia and hypnosis conducted at the University of Liverpool, researchers have determined that hypnosis slowed down the occurrence of dementia. Individuals with dementia and who were treated with hypnosis had stronger memory and were able to focus more easily and experienced increased social community, on an equal footing with the group that did not receive hypnosis. The hypnosis group also experienced an increased ability for relaxation and motivation and became more active and more involved in everyday tasks.
Alternative Approaches to Supporting Individuals With Dementia: Enhancing Quality of Life Through Hypnosis, ”Alzheimer's Care Today 2007, volume 8, number 4, pages 321-331. Hewson-Bower B, Drummond PD.
Hypnosis for menopause and hot flashes
A study by the University of Texas and Baylor University shows that hypnosis can relieve menopausal symptoms. The primary research study in the field shows that hypnosis can reduce the number of hot flashes by as much as 75%. A collection of menopausal women was divided into two groups. One group received hypnosis and the other group went to see a doctor. The treatments lasted for five days a week for a period of 12 weeks. In addition to this, the subjects were allowed to listen to hypnosis recordings and recordings with information about hot flashes, respectively. The herds were reduced by up to 75 percent for the women who were hypnotized, while the control group who received regular information reduced their herds by 13%. In addition to the hypnosis helping against the hot flashes, the subjects provided that they also slept better and experienced fewer problems in everyday life. The researchers are not sure what the explanation for the positive effect of hypnosis is, but believe that hypnosis affects the parasympathetic nervous system, which plays a major role in hot flashes.
The Mind-Body Medicine Research Laboratory, Baylor University, Waco, TX; the school of Nursing at Indiana University in Indianapolis, IN; and The College of Education at the University of Texas, Austin.
Hypnosis in cancer
An article in the medical journal Psychiatric Medicine highlights evidence that hypnosis can be a powerful tool in the treatment of cancer patients. Hypnosis has been shown to be valuable in helping cancer patients reduce nausea, relieve pain, counteract anxiety, depression, frustration, death anxiety and other negative emotions. Hypnosis has also been used as a visualization tool to bring about improvements in health, to help the patient experience control and to reduce side effects. In addition, the hypnosis did not show any unpleasant side effects and the positive effects remained even after the end of the hypnosis treatment.
Levitan AA. "The use of hypnosis with cancer patients." Psychiatr Med.1992; 10 (1): 119-31. University of Minnesota.
Hypnosis for cancer pain
In a research study on cancer patients who would undergo bone marrow transplantation and chemotherapy, the researchers were able to establish that treatment with hypnosis was much more effective in counteracting pain, than for example CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy).
Syrjala KL, Cummings C, Donaldson GW. “Hypnosis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nausea during cancer treatment: a controlled clinical trial.” Pain. 1992 Feb; 48 (2): 137-46. Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98104.